How to Donate to Charity Tax Efficiently

Giving to causes that align with your values yields one of the best returns on investment for your money. I previously described how to give more effectively to boost your impact and satisfaction. So, giving is an essential financial skill and should be a deliberate part of your financial plan. The other aspect of donating to charity is how to do so tax efficiently. There are charity tax credits, tax deductions, and other tax-saving ways to donate.

donation tax savings

Developing a tax-efficient donation strategy means that more money is available to give directly to the causes that you are trying to support. It could even mean more money for you, if done optimally. Yes, the Government does some good things to support our society with your tax dollars.

If you want to leave the Government a tip, then the Tax-Martyr-Blog is down the hall on the left. If you want to become a better financial steward and direct the impact of your financial power, then read on.

Is it a registered charity in Canada?

The first considerations with a donation are whether the charity aligns with your core values and how efficiently the donation translates into impact. The next question is whether it is a registered charity. That means that it is recognized by the CRA as a legitimate organization. You can do a search on the CRA site.

This is important for several reasons. To be claimed on your income tax filing, you need a receipt with the charity’s registration number on it. Importantly, a registered charity must also meet some minimum standards. Basically, they must have an organized governance that ensures that they are doing public good, acting as a charity (not a business disguised as a charity), obeying the law, and using the appropriate people to administer the funds. Essentially, it provides some piece of mind in addition to the tax benefits.

Should I give personally or from my business?

The answer depends on your income level, province, and the amount of the donation. Sometimes, there is a net benefit at low personal incomes to give personally. At higher incomes, the personal tax credits often do not offset the tax bill. In that case, it may be better to donate via your business instead – where the net tax bill is zero.

Whether you have the cash personally, or in your corporation, doesn’t really matter. If it is optimal to give personally, you could pay yourself a bonus or salary. That would be an expense for the business and shift the tax from the business income to you personally. So, you should consider which route is most tax-efficient. To do that, you must understand how personal donations and corporate donations are taxed.

Taxes & Credits for Personal Donations to Charity

Donating Cash

When you cash donate personally, you must pay the tax on the income. However, that is counterbalanced by tax credits. So, you could donate more knowing that you will be made whole at tax time as long as you have the cash flow to buffer that in the interim. Or you could give your planned amount and pocket the eventual tax reduction. Unfortunately, tax credits may not fully offset the tax cost depending on the donation size, your income, and your province.

Tax credits are at a fixed rate that is applied against the taxes owed. That rate is set at the lowest tax bracket for the first $200 donated. So, it is like that $200 donation was made from your lowest taxed income. For donations over $200, the 29% Federal tax rate is used for the credit. That is a bonus for those with an income below ~$165K. You could pay tax in the 20% bracket and get a 29% credit. Unfortunately, the other part of the tax you pay is provincial. Some provinces are generous, and others are stingy.

Alberta is the most generous, with a credit higher than the top provincial tax rate. Manitoba, Saskatchewan, PEI, and Nova Scotia are also generous, applying the top rate to donations over $200. Quebec and BC are fair, allowing the top credit rate to be applied against income that was taxed at the top rate. Ontario, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland are stingy with tax credits below their top tax rates.

Donating appreciated stock or other securities.

If you donate appreciated securities, then there is a larger benefit. You do not pay any tax on the capital gain plus you get the full tax credit to deduct against your regular income. This could be stocks, bonds, ETFs, or mutual funds that you donate “in kind” (without selling).

Alternative Minimum Tax Changes for 2024

For really large donations in 2024 and beyond, be aware of the alternative minimum tax changes. If planning a large personal donation of appreciated stock and you have minimal regular income, then AMT could apply. You may want to consider doing it in 2023. If after 2023, then 30% of the capital gain will count as income for AMT calculations. Plus, the personal tax credit on donations when applied to AMT will be cut in half. Seems like a short-sighted punishment of philanthropy, but the Government has already spent the money.

Here are the details. It is unlikely to apply to many individuals. For example, those with a total income under $173K are excluded. Donations in the year of death are also excluded. It is also important to remember that AMT only applies to individuals. Not corporations. Another reason to donate appreciated stock from your corporation if you have that option. More on that later.

If it is likely to apply to you and you want to beat the changes but dispense the money over time rather than all now. Then, a donor-advised fund would be an option.

Charitable donation personal tax credit estimation calculator.

You can see the combined effect of donation type, size, income level, and province in the calculator below. You can change it to your province, donation, and income level to get a sense of your situation. If you have a net tax refund, then it may be best to donate personally (if giving cash). If you are giving appreciated stock, then it is great. However, if you also have appreciated stock in your corporation, there is a super-sized benefit to consider.

Donating to Charity Via a Business

If the personal tax/credit balance is unfavorable, then it is better to donate directly from your business. The best way to do that is a donation of appreciated stock, if you are able. More on that later. Let’s assume that you don’t have appreciated stock or that the receiving charity isn’t set up to accept it. Then you are stuck donating cash.

The good news is that a donation to a registered charity by your business is considered an expense. That means it is deducted dollar for dollar against your business’s income and there is no tax on it. Clean and effective. Just be sure to get an official tax receipt for your accountant to use while preparing your business’s tax filing.

A comparison of donating directly from a business compared to giving a bonus and donating personally is shown below. It uses Ontario tax rates to illustrate for someone with a moderate vs high personal income.

charity tax benefits

Donation of Appreciated Stock from a Corporation

For cash, whether it is better to give directly from the business or to pay a bonus and donate personally depends on your income level and province. However, if you have appreciated stock in your corporation, then donating that usually wins. Most major charities allow you to donate publicly traded securities “in kind” (without selling them).

What is an appreciated security?

Appreciated stock could be shares in a stock or ETF that has significant unrealized capital gains. For example, if five years ago, I luckily bought shares of Apple, I would be sitting on a big capital gain. If I didn’t rely on luck, and bought a globally diversified index ETF, then I would still have a large unrealized capital gain. Most major Canadian registered charities can accept donations of publicly traded shares.

It is also possible to donate appreciated shares of a private company. However, that is more complicated because you must have the fair market value determined and the charity needs to be able to sell them to get the money.

If you have multiple securities to choose from to donate, pick the ones with the largest percentage of unrealized capital gains. That will maximize the reduction of the corporate tax liability and maximize your personal tax savings too! You don’t have to donate all of your shares of a stock. Just donate the amount that adds up to your planned generosity. For example, if I wanted to donate $10K from my sample portfolio below, I would donate 400 shares of XGRO.

donating appreciated securities

Notice that I have 4 different asset allocation EFTs in the above example. Years down the road, you may have a large gain in your favorite asset allocation ETF. Perhaps, start buying a different one with the same equity:bond mix moving forward. That would give you options to strategically donate from the higher gain holding to live generously and get the triple tax benefit.

The double tax benefit to your corporation.

You get a tax receipt for the full value of the shares donated. That is directly deductible as an expense against your corporation’s income. That can be deducted against investment income (usually taxed at ~50%). The deduction can be carried forward up to five years, if you don’t have that much investment income in one year. If you still can’t use it to get a 50% tax break, you could still apply it against active corporate income (taxed at 12-29%). Either way is a major tax savings.

Plus, there is no tax on the capital gain. One less tax liability in your corporation. But wait, it gets even better!

The massive tax benefit to you. That makes for triple benefits.

The full amount of the capital gain gets credited to your corporation’s capital dividend account (CDA). Normally, when you realize a capital gain, only half goes to your CDA. Your CDA allows you to give a tax-free capital dividend. “Tax-free” is a major tax savings compared to regularly taxed income or dividends. It is the most tax-efficient way to move money out of a corporation.

To give the capital dividend, you must have your accountant file a special election. So, they may charge a fee. That is usually way less than the tax, but you would want to make sure the dividend is large enough to justify the cost. Regardless, donating appreciated stock from your corporation doubles the rate at which you’ll get there!

corporation charity donations

Giving to Non-Registered Causes

There are plenty of reasons why you may want to give to help others that are not a registered charity. It could be to help a local athlete or event. If considering doing this through your business, then the organization should be arms-length and of no personal benefit whatsoever.

It should also be public and reasonable to defend as promotion. For example, publicly supporting a local athlete or team that you don’t have any family members on might be reasonable. Particularly if health and wellness promotion is part of your practice or making connections to the community improves your business profile. Giving to your kid’s sports team or a club that you are going to use and get a break is probably not defensible. I would want to pass two tests before doing this. First, would be discussing with my accountant and the second would be how this would look as a headline in the news.

Reasonable promotion is considered a business expense. So, at least you would be helping with pre-tax money. The other way to help a non-registered cause is to provide goods or services at a discount. There is no tax-benefit to that, but again it is helping without paying tax first.

Tax Efficient Charitable Giving Decision Tree

Putting together the variables, this is the approach that I take to charitable giving. It combines the financial and non-financial factors to consider. I hope that you find this both helpful and motivating to make giving a deliberate part of your financial life. You benefit and so do causes that you value. Maximize that through good financial stewardship. Note that there is much more below than described in this post. Giving effectively is a skill that you must spend time on and practice regularly to master. Fortunately, that process is likely to yield its own dividends.

ultimate donations tax guide


  1. Good topic! So just to clarify, if the receiver is a registered Charity, a corporate cash donation doesn’t have to pass the “promotion” test?

  2. Can you donate directly to a charity from an RRSP withdrawal, so that you don’t have to pay taxes on the amount donated from the RRSP? I’m retirement age and I would like to make a donation to my church from my RRSP.

    1. Hey Heather,

      Thanks for asking a great question. You can donate to a charity from your RRSP/RRIF withdrawal. The advantage is that there is not withholding tax on the withdrawal if done directly (so the charity gets the full amount) if you have your financial institution file a form T1213. You get a tax receipt for the donation. You would still have to report the withdrawal as income, but the tax credit will help offset the taxes generated. The calculator in the post above can get an idea of how much that is (it may be a bonus in a low tax bracket or a slight amount of net tax in a high tax bracket depending on province). I agree with your notion that it is best to give money while alive. That is how we roll too. However, another advantage of giving via an RRSP is at death. If you name a charity as the beneficiary of your RRSP with your financial institution, then it is also excluded from your estate and probate.

    1. Hey John. Good question. Donating appreciated stock via a corp is easily the winner due to the triple benefits. There really isn’t an advantage to it from a TFSA or RRSP – cash would be the same as appreciated security. I both cases using the registered accounts, you would get a tax receipt that would give you tax credits. For a TFSA, that would reduce your tax bill because the tax credits are applied your other income and the TFSA withdrawal generates no tax. For an RRSP/RRIF, there would be taxable income generated and the credits applied against that. From an RRSP donations are taxed as income rather than capital gains (so no advantage of securities over cash). The calculator in the post helps estimate whether that would be a net tax reduction or not.

  3. Thanks for a very informative post! I knew that donating equities was a thing, but no idea of the extent of benefits to corporate giving (especially as I now have only passive income there).
    Are you aware of any way to donate an amount to one entity that would then be divided amongst a number of registered charities?
    We support a number of charitable organizations, some in smaller amounts.
    Thanks again for an excellent post.

    1. Thanks David. A number of the big charitable foundations then donate to smaller entities. That is common with religious foundations or The United Way for example. Another way is to use a donor-advised fund. You donate to that fund, get the tax receipt now, and then can advise where it subsequently gets donated to over time. With a donor-advised fund you don’t have total direct control over where the money goes and there are fees. So, we haven’t gone that route.

  4. Mark, I thought of a way to possibly further supercharge donating appreciated securities from a Corp. You could repurchase the same number of shares the same day in your personal taxable account. So you maintain market exposure, but the shares are now in a more tax friendly environment from an income point of view than if you repurchased the shares in the Corp account, as well as having reduced Corp bloat a bit by donating the Corp shares. You still have the other advantages of Corp deduction against passive income and the full value of the donation being credited to your CDA account. Unless there’s some rule against doing this, but I imagine not?

    1. Hey Grant,

      No rule to stop that. I think the main limiter would be that you’d need to have some cash in your taxable account to buy with. It does illustrate a couple of important points. If you have personal cash that you are thinking of donating, but also have some appreciated stock in your corp – donate the stock from the corp. Removes tax liability, get some money out tax-free (although you’d need to wait to file a special election first for the capital dividend). Personal after-tax cash is precious to invest since the tax-liability from capital gains starts fresh and the tax drag is often lower moving forward. This is actually how we’ve played it when faced with the dilemma of where to donate from.

  5. When personal assets are transferred to a corporation, it is possible to defer taxes on unrealized cap gains with a section 85 rollover. In my experience, there is an accounting and legal cost to such a rollover.

    Donation of assets with unrealized cap gains is more favorable from a corporation than personally, due to the effect on the CDA. If the planned donation is large enough to overcome the increased costs of section 85 rollover, might it make sense to transfer personal assets with unrealized cap gains to a corp via such a rollover, and then donate from the corp?

    Also, transfer of assets would result in less exposure to probate fees. OTOH, investment income – other than Canadian stocks – tends to be taxed a bit more in a corp than personally. And there is the costs and complexity of a corp to consider.

    1. Thanks Park. That is a really interesting idea. I have never thought of it, but will definitely look into it some more. Very interesting. Maybe as a large one time maneuver with the plan to donate and use the CDA right away. Thanks for bringing it up!

  6. About the section 85 rollover idea, Tim Cestnick has an article in the Globe and Mail Nov 29/23, where he describes it. He also points out that corporation aren’t subject to AMT.

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